Fiasco S1E6: “No Precedent” Bibliography

BOOKS

36 Days: The Complete Chronicle of the 2000 Presidential Election Crisis. Ed. New York Times. Times Books, 2001.

Adler, Renata. Irreperable Harm, Melville House 2004

Ceaser, James W. and Busch, Andrew E. The Perfect Tie: The True Story Of The 2000 Presidential Election, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2001.

Deadlock: The Inside Story of America’s Closest Election. Ed. Washington Post. PublicAffairs, 2001.

Kaplan, David A. The Accidental President. William Morrow, 2001.

Merzer, Martin. The Miami Herald Report: Democracy Held Hostage. St. Martin’s Press, 2001.

Pleasants, Julian M. Hanging Chads: The Inside Story of the 2000 Presidential Recount in Florida. Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Sabato, Larry. Overtime! The Election 2000 Thriller. Longman, 2001.

Stevens, John Paul. The Making of a Justice. Little, Brown, 2019.

Tapper, Jake. Down & Dirty: The Plot to Steal the Presidency. Little, Brown, 2001.

Thomas, Evan. First: Sandra Day O’Connor. Random House, 2019.

Toobin, Jeffrey. The Nine. Random House, 2008.

Toobin, Jeffrey. Too Close to Call: The Thirty-Six-Day Battle to Decide the 2000 Election. Random House, 2001.

Wells, Charley. Inside Bush v. Gore, University Press of Florida, 2013.

Zelden, Charles. Bush v Gore: Exposing the Hidden Crisis in American Democracy, University Press of Kansas, 2010.

ARTICLES

“Analysis of Florida Ballots Proves Favorable to Bush,” Associated Press, Apr. 4, 2001.

Broder, John M. and Fessenden, Ford. “Study of Disputed Florida Ballots Finds Justices Did Not Cast Deciding Vote,” New York Times, Nov. 12, 2018.

Chappell, Bill and Totenberg, Nina. “Sandra Day O’Connor Says She Has Dementia, Withdraws From Public Life,” NPR, Oct. 23, 2018.

Curry, Tom. “Chief Justice Shaped High Court Conservatism,” NBC News, Sept. 4, 2005.

Deggans, Eric. “Arduous Ballot Review Winds Up Today,” St. Petersburg Times, Nov. 11, 2001.

Feldman, Noah. “Thank You, Justice O’Connor, for the Art of Compromise,” Bloomberg, Oct. 24, 2018.

Glanton, Dahleen. “O’Connor Questions Court’s Decision to Take Bush v. Gore,” Chicago Tribune, Apr. 27, 2013.

Greenhouse, Linda. “Election Case a Test and a Trauma for Justices,” New York Times, Feb. 20, 2001.

Greenhouse, Linda. “Reagan Nominates Anthony Kennedy to Supreme Court,” New York Times, Nov. 12, 1987.

Greenhouse, Linda. “Supreme Court, Split 5-4, Halts Florida Count in Blow to Gore,” New York Times, Dec. 9, 2000.

Isikoff, Michael. “The Truth Behind the Pillars,” Newsweek, Dec. 24, 2000.

Lithwick, Dahlia. “Last Count for the Recount,” Slate, Dec. 12, 2000.

Lithwick, Dahlia. “The Supremes Pull a Hamlet,” Slate, Dec. 5, 2000.

Lithwick, Dahlia. “The Supremes, Stark Raving Naked,” Slate, Dec. 14, 2000.

Margolick, David. “The Path to Florida,” Vanity Fair, Mar. 19, 2014.

“O’Connor Suggests Misgivings Over Bush v. Gore,” CBS News, Apr. 30, 2013.

Rosche, Staci. “How Conservative Is the Rehnquist Court — Three Issues, One Answer,” Fordham Law Review, 1997.

Rosen, Jeffrey. “The Agonizer,” New Yorker, Nov. 3, 1996.

Toobin, Jeffrey. “Precedent and Prologue,” New Yorker, Nov. 28, 2010.

Spencer, Miranda C. “Who Won the Election? Who Cares?” FAIR, Jan. 1, 2002.

Woodward, Calvin. “Drama of 2000 Presidential Contest Overshadowed, Redefined by Sept. 11 Terror Attacks,” Herald-Sun, Nov. 6, 2001.

RESEARCH ARCHIVES

FindLaw

Florida Supreme Court

Oyez

SOURCES OF ARCHIVE AUDIO

NBC News

CNN

C-SPAN

CBS News

ABC News

OUTRO SONG

“One More Vote (One More Kiss)” by Perry Como

Fiasco S1E5: “Contingencies” Bibliography

BOOKS

36 Days: The Complete Chronicle of the 2000 Presidential Election Crisis. Ed. New York Times. Times Books, 2001.

Ceaser, James W. and Busch, Andrew E. The Perfect Tie: The True Story Of The 2000 Presidential Election, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2001.

Deadlock: The Inside Story of America’s Closest Election. Ed. Washington Post. PublicAffairs, 2001.

Kaplan, David A. The Accidental President. William Morrow, 2001.

Merzer, Martin. The Miami Herald Report: Democracy Held Hostage. St. Martin’s Press, 2001.

Pleasants, Julian M. Hanging Chads: The Inside Story of the 2000 Presidential Recount in Florida. Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Tapper, Jake. Down & Dirty: The Plot to Steal the Presidency. Little, Brown, 2001.

Toobin, Jeffrey. Too Close to Call: The Thirty-Six-Day Battle to Decide the 2000 Election. Random House, 2001.

Zelden, Charles. Bush v Gore: Exposing the Hidden Crisis in American Democracy, University Press of Kansas, 2010.

ARTICLES

“Ballots arrive in Tallahassee,” Miami Herald, Dec 2, 2000.

Barstow, David. “Among State Lawmakers, Bickering Along Party Lines,” New York Times, Nov. 27, 2000.

Barstow, David and Sengupta, Somini. “Jeb Bush Is Said to Be Willing to Sign Bill Ensuring Republican Victory in Florida,” New York Times, Nov. 28, 2000.

Canedy, Dana. “Speaker Tempers Call for Session on Electors,” New York Times, Dec. 6, 2000.

Chebium, Raju. “Florida Legislature would pick electors if votes not certified by deadline,” CNN.com, Nov. 22, 2000.

Gettleman, Jeffrey and Savage, David. “Florida Legislators Set Special Session,” Los Angeles Times, Dec. 7, 2000.

Stewart, James B. “David Boies Pleads Not Guilty,” New York Times, Sept 21, 2018.

Von Drehle, David, Balz, Dan, Grimaldi, James V. and Schmidt, Susan. “For Gore, Reasons to Hope Dwindled,” The Washington Post, Feb. 1, 2001.

RESEARCH ARCHIVES

2000 Florida Ballots Project

Florida Legislature: Online Sunshine

Florida Supreme Court

FindLaw

SOURCES OF ARCHIVE AUDIO

NBC News

CNN

C-SPAN

CBS News

ABC News

Associated Press

WPLG News

OUTRO SONG

“The End Is In Sight” by Bill McKitten

Fiasco S1E4: “Spin-Off” Bibliography

BOOKS

36 Days: The Complete Chronicle of the 2000 Presidential Election Crisis. Ed. New York Times. Times Books, 2001.

Ceaser, James W. and Busch, Andrew E. The Perfect Tie: The True Story Of The 2000 Presidential Election, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2001.

Deadlock: The Inside Story of America’s Closest Election. Ed. Washington Post. PublicAffairs, 2001.

Kaplan, David A. The Accidental President. William Morrow, 2001.

Merzer, Martin. The Miami Herald Report: Democracy Held Hostage. St. Martin’s Press, 2001.

Pleasants, Julian M. Hanging Chads: The Inside Story of the 2000 Presidential Recount in Florida. Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Sabato, Larry. Overtime! The Election 2000 Thriller. Longman, 2001.

Tapper, Jake. Down & Dirty: The Plot to Steal the Presidency. Little, Brown, 2001.

Toobin, Jeffrey. Too Close to Call: The Thirty-Six-Day Battle to Decide the 2000 Election. Random House, 2001.

Wells, Charley. Inside Bush v. Gore, University Press of Florida, 2013.

Zelden, Charles. Bush v Gore: Exposing the Hidden Crisis in American Democracy, University Press of Kansas, 2010.

ARTICLES

Barstow, David and Van Natta, Jr., Don. “Examining the Vote: How Bush Took Florida: Mining the Overseas Absentee Vote,” New York Times, Jul. 15, 2001.

Balz, Dan; Becker, Jo; Nakashima, Ellen; Von Drehle, David. “A Wild Ride Into Uncharted Territory,” Washington Post, Jan. 28, 2001.

Balz, Dan; Becker, Jo; Nakashima, Ellen; Von Drehle, David. “For Bush Camp, Some Momentum from a Memo,” Washington Post, Jan. 31, 2001.

Bendavid, Naftali. “Lieberman Extends Role as Gore Camp’s Most Public Face,” Chicago Tribune, Nov. 25, 2000.

Berke, Richard L. “Examining the Vote: Lieberman Comments Put Democrats in Retreat on Military Vote,” New York Times, Jul. 15, 2001.

Canedy, Dana and Filkins, Dexter. “Counting the Vote: A Mayor, Once Vocal for Gore, Is Silent,” New York Times, Nov. 25, 2000.

Garcia, Manny and Tanfani, Joseph. “Gore Asked Penelas Why Recount Stopped; Vice President’s Phone Call Didn’t Add Pressure, Mayor Says,” Miami Herald, Dec. 1, 2000.

Glanton, Dahleen. “Miami-Dade County Starts Manual Recount,” Chicago Tribune, Nov. 21, 2000.

Lelis, Ludmilla; McKay, Rich; Pendicini, Sandra. “Volusia Finishes — in the Nick of Time,” Orlando Sentinel, Nov. 15, 2000.

“Miami-Dade votes 2-1 to starta hand recount of 654,000 ballots,” Orange County Register, Nov. 18, 2000.

McManus, Doyle. “Facing a Recount that Could Erase Bush’s Lead in Florida, GOP Says Courts Have a Legitimate Role After All,” Los Angeles Times, Nov. 12, 2000.

Miller, Steve. “Recount Down to Broward, Palm Beach,” Washington Times, Nov. 23, 2000.

Newport, Frank. “Questions and Answers About Public Opinion and the Situation in Florida,” Gallup, Dec. 1, 2000.

Ornstein, Charles. “654,000 Ballots to Be Tallied as Focus Turns to Miami, Latest Hand Recount Not Expected to End Before Dec. 1,” Dallas Morning News, Nov. 21, 2000.

Spencer, Terry. “Miami-Dade on Track to End Recount Dec. 1,” Chicago Sun-Times, Nov. 21, 2000.

Wilson, Catherine. “Miami-Dade Reconsiders Full Recount,” Associated Press, Nov. 16, 2000.

SOURCES OF ARCHIVE AUDIO

NBC News

CNN

C-SPAN

CBS News

ABC News

Associated Press

OUTRO SONG

“Once More with Feeling” by The Del McCoury Band

Fiasco S1E3: “Ballot With Butterfly Wings” Bibliography

BOOKS

36 Days: The Complete Chronicle of the 2000 Presidential Election Crisis. Ed. New York Times. Times Books, 2001.

Ceaser, James W. and Busch, Andrew E. The Perfect Tie: The True Story Of The 2000 Presidential Election, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2001.

Deadlock: The Inside Story of America’s Closest Election. Ed. Washington Post. PublicAffairs, 2001.

Kaplan, David A. The Accidental President. William Morrow, 2001.

Tapper, Jake. Down & Dirty: The Plot to Steal the Presidency. Little, Brown, 2001.

Toobin, Jeffrey. Too Close to Call: The Thirty-Six-Day Battle to Decide the 2000 Election. Random House, 2001.

Zelden, Charles. Bush v Gore: Exposing the Hidden Crisis in American Democracy, University Press of Kansas, 2010.

ARTICLES

“Statement from Florida Secretary Katherine Harris,” CNN.com, Nov 13, 2000. 

“Katherine Harris announces Bush’s 300-vote lead,” Palm Beach Post, Nov 15 2000.

“Prominent GOP strategist refuses to discuss his role in advising Harris,” Associated Press, Nov 25, 2000. 

Ash, Jim. “Spotlight on Florida’s secretary of state,” Pensacola News Journal, Nov 15, 2000.

Barabak, Mark Z. and Serrano, Richard A. “Florida Justices OK Hand Recount,” Los Angeles Times, Nov 17, 2000.

Barstow, David and Nagourney, Adam. “Gore’s Failure to Ask for Manual Statewide Recount May Have Been Critical Mistake,” New York Times, Dec 13, 2000.

Barstow, David and Sengupta, Somini. “Judge Who Rebuffed Gore Had Run-Ins With Justices,” New York Times, Dec 8, 2000.

Becker, Laura. “Election Supervisor Votes for Retirement” South Florida Sun Sentinel, Nov 4, 1996.

Bennett, George. “462,657 ballots set for hand recount: Huge job would need deadline extension,” Palm Beach Post, Nov 13, 2000.

Boehlert, Eric. “The disappearing ballots of Duval County,” Salon.com, Nov 14, 2000.

Boettcher, Mike. “Florida Circuit Judge Terry Lewis, no stranger to conversational cases,” CNN.com, Nov 14, 2000.

Bragg, Rick and Canedy, Dana. “Anger and Chagrin After an Oops on a Ballot, New York Times, Nov 10, 2000.

Bragg, Rick. “At Long Last, Army of Volunteers Gets Its Orders to Begin Recount,” New York Times, Nov 17, 2000. 

Clines, Franics X. “Buchanan’s Views on Hitler Create a Reform Party Stir,” New York Times, Sept 21, 1999.

Edsall, Thomas B. “Buchanan Bolts GOP for Reform Party,” Washington Post, Oct 26, 1999.

Ford, Bob. “Florida State Is Runaway Winner,” Philadelphia Inquirer, Nov 19, 2000. 

Gearan, Anne. “Lawsuit Rejected; Judge Refuses To Stop Hand Recount,” Associated Press, Nov 13, 2000. 

Givhan, Robin. “The Eyelashes Have It,” Washington Post, Nov 18, 2000.

Hahn, Brad and Santaniello, Neil. “Quirks Delay Ballot Tallying,” South Florida Sun Sentinel, Nov 29, 2000.

Kennedy, John. “Court’s Ruling Turns On ‘May’ vs. ‘Shall’; Justices Said Part Of Election Law That Says Returns ‘May Be Ignored’ Is More Recent, And That Voters Are Paramount,” Orlando Sentinel, Nov 22, 2000.

Knowlton, Brian and International Herald Tribune. “Gore’s Choice for His Running Mate: Moderate Senator Who Scorned Clinton,” New York Times, Aug 8, 2000.

Lomartire, Paul. “Bizzaro the norm in Vote-Count Village,” The Palm Beach Post, Nov 13, 2000. 

Margolick, David. “The Path to Florida,” Vanity Fair, Mar 19, 2014. 

Muravchik, Joshua. “Patrick J. Buchanan and the Jews,” Commentary Magazine, Jan 1991.

Newsweek Staff. “Is Pat Buchanan Anti-Semitic?” Newsweek, Dec 22, 1991.

Palm Beach Post Staff. “LePore: Life has been ‘hell’,” Palm Beach Post, Dec 21, 2000. 

Pells, Eddie. “Politics And Pigskin Mix As Florida Awaits The Big Winners,” Associated Press, Nov 16, 2000. 

Sanua, Marianne Rachel. “The Jews of South Florida (review).” American Jewish History, vol. 92 no. 3, 2004, pp. 364-367. 

Smith, Richard L. “A Statistical Assessment of Buchanan’s Vote in Palm Beach County.” Statistical Science, vol. 17, no. 4, 2002, pp. 441–457. 

Soltis, Andy. “‘Butterfly Ballot’ Designer Says Threats Made Life Hell,” New York Post, Dec 21, 2000.

Wheeler, Larry. “State GOP buoyed by judge’s ruling,” Pensacola News Journal, Nov 15, 2000. 

DOCUMENTARIES

Rogers, Paul and Williams, Lester. “In View: 2000 Election Recount Palm Beach Documentary,” Channel 20, 2002.

RESEARCH ARCHIVES

2000 Florida Ballots Project
Florida Legislature: Online Sunshine
Florida Supreme Court
FindLaw

SOURCES OF ARCHIVE AUDIO

NBC News
CNN
C-SPAN
CBS News
ABC News
Associated Press
WPLG News
Palm Beach County Channel 20

OUTRO SONG

“Games People Play” by Bettye LaVette

Fiasco S1E2: “Real Numbers” Bibliography

BOOKS

36 Days: The Complete Chronicle of the 2000 Presidential Election Crisis. Ed. New York Times. Times Books, 2001.

Ceaser, James W. and Busch, Andrew E. The Perfect Tie: The True Story Of The 2000 Presidential Election, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2001.

Deadlock: The Inside Story of America’s Closest Election. Ed. Washington Post. PublicAffairs, 2001.

Kaplan, David A. The Accidental President. William Morrow, 2001.

Moore, David W. How to Steal an Election. Bold Type Books, 2006. 

Sabato, Larry. Overtime! The Election 2000 Thriller. Longman, 2001.

Sherman, Gabriel. The Loudest Voice in the Room, Random House, 2014. 

Tapper, Jake. Down & Dirty: The Plot to Steal the Presidency. Little, Brown, 2001.

Toobin, Jeffrey. Too Close to Call: The Thirty-Six-Day Battle to Decide the 2000 Election. Random House, 2001.

Zelden, Charles. Bush v Gore: Exposing the Hidden Crisis in American Democracy, University Press of Kansas, 2010.

ARTICLES

Alfano, Sean. “CBS Exit Poll Pioneer Dies,” CBSNews.com, Sept. 3, 2006. 

Barrett, Larry. “Game Over For VNS,” Baseline Magazine, Jan 13, 2003. 

Brick, J. Michael and Tucker, Clyde. “Mitofsky–Waksberg: Learning From The Past,” Public Opinion Quarterly Vol 71, Issue 5, 2007. 

Clymer, Adam. “Warren J. Mitofsky, 71, Innovator Who Devised Exit Poll, Dies,” New York Times,Sept. 4, 2006. 

Kellman, Laurie. “Bush Once Pleaded Guilty to DUI,” Associated Press, Nov. 3, 2000. 

Margolick, David. “The Path to Florida,”Vanity Fair, Oct. 2004. 

Marks, Peter and Carter, Bill. “Media Rethink an Urge to Say Who’s First,” New York Times,Nov. 9, 2000. 

Mayer, Jane. “George W.’s Cousin.” The New Yorker, Nov. 20, 2000.

“Murray Edelman, PH.D,” Chicago LGBT Hall of Fame website.  http://chicagolgbthalloffame.org/edelman-murray/

Mason, Linda; Frankovic, Kathleen; Jamieson, Kathleen Hall. “CBS News Coverage of Election Night 2000: Investigation, Analysis, Recommendations,” CBS News, Jan 2001.

Morin, Richard. “Networks to Dissolve Exit Poll Service,”Washington Post, Jan. 13, 2003. 

Pickert, Kate. “A Brief History of Exit Polling,” TIME, Nov. 4, 2008.

Roberts, Joel. “Vote-Counting Service Disbanded,” CBS News, Jan. 13, 2003. 

Schmidt, Susan and Mintz, John. “Florida’s Instant Invasion,” Washington Post, Nov. 26, 2000.

SOURCES OF ARCHIVE AUDIO

C-SPAN

CNN,

NBC

ABC

CBS

OUTRO SONG

Sylvia, Ricky — “The Florida Song.”

Fiasco S1E1: “Homestead” Bibliography

BOOKS

36 Days: The Complete Chronicle of the 2000 Presidential Election Crisis. Ed. New York Times. Times Books, 2001.

Ceaser, James W. and Busch, Andrew E. The Perfect Tie: The True Story Of The 2000 Presidential Election, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2001.

Deadlock: The Inside Story of America’s Closest Election. Ed. Washington Post. PublicAffairs, 2001.

Grunwald, Michael. The Swamp: The Everglades, Florida, and the Politics of Paradise, Simon & Schuster, 2007.

Kaplan, David A. The Accidental President. William Morrow, 2001.

Mayr, Monika. Everglades Betrayal – The Issue That Defeated Al Gore, Two Harbors Press, 2008.

Merzer, Martin. The Miami Herald Report: Democracy Held Hostage. St. Martin’s Press, 2001.

Pleasants, Julian M. Hanging Chads: The Inside Story of the 2000 Presidential Recount in Florida. Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Sabato, Larry. Overtime! The Election 2000 Thriller. Longman, 2001.

Stevens, Stuart. The Big Enchilada, Free Press, 2001.

Tapper, Jake. Down & Dirty: The Plot to Steal the Presidency. Little, Brown, 2001.

Toobin, Jeffrey. Too Close to Call: The Thirty-Six-Day Battle to Decide the 2000 Election. Random House, 2001.

Zelden, Charles. Bush v Gore: Exposing the Hidden Crisis in American Democracy, University Press of Kansas, 2010.

ARTICLES

“Al Gore in fading green,” Tampa Bay Times editorial, April 7, 2000.

Alvarez, Lizette, “In 2 Countries, 6-Year-Old Cuban Is Political Symbol,” New York Times, Jan. 9, 2000.

Bishin, Benjamin; Cherif, Ferval M.; Stevens, Daniel P. “What to Expect from the Cuban-American Electorate,” Brookings Institution, August 31, 2008.

Brenner, Philip and Kornbluh, Peter. “Clinton’s Cuba Calculus.” NACLA Report on the America. Routledge, Sept. 25, 2007.

Chen, David. “In Nader Supporters’ Math, Gore Equals Bush,” New York Times, Oct. 15, 2000.

Clary, Mike. “Cuba boat sinks; boy saved but 11 missing.” Palm Beach Post, Nov. 26, 1999.

Clary, Mike. “In Hurricane’s Wake, a Storm Brews Over Redevelopment,” Los Angeles Times, Nov. 11, 1997.

“Clinton reaches for Cuban vote; Stop in Little Havana signals his rising popularity,” Sun-Sentinel, Oct. 24, 1996.

Conniff, Ruth. “On the Road With Ralph Nader,” The Nation, June 29, 2000.

“Cuban boy a VIP at Disney World,” Associated Press, Dec. 13, 1999.

Defede, Jim. “Collision Course,” Miami New Times, Nov. 23, 2000.

“Dozens arrested in Miami during Cuban boy protest,” CNN, Jan 6. 2000.

Filkins, Dexter and Canedy, Dana. “A Mayor, Once Vocal for Gore, Is Silent,” New York Times, Nov. 25, 2000.

Goering, Laurie. “Gore’s stand on Elian may not help with Florida’s Hispanic vote,” Chicago Tribune, April 7, 2000.

“Gore: Elian’s dad should come here,” Salina Journal, Dec. 12, 1999.

“Gore’s statements on Elian Gonzalez,” Tampa Bay Times, April 5, 2000.

Goodnough, Abby. “Gore’s Venting Stirs Up Senate Race in Florida,” New York Times, June 8, 2004.

Grunwald, Michael. “To the White House, by Way of the Everglades,” Washington Post, 2002.

Harris, John F. “Gore Struggles to Explain His Position on Elian,” Washington Post, April 5, 2000.

Hebert, Josef H. “Gore Torn on Fla. Airport Plan,” Associated Press, Sept. 11, 2000.

Johnston, David. “Relatives to Give Cuban Boy To His Father, Officials Say,” New York Times, April 12, 2000.

Kaye, Ken. “Reshaping of air base moves along,” The Sun-Sentinel, August 10, 1994.

Kettle, Martin. “Bush backs plan to make Cuban boy a US citizen,” The Guardian, Jan 24, 2000.

Leahy, Michael. “A Fisherman And His 15 Minutes,” Washington Post, April 27, 2000.

“Let Elian stay here, Gore says,” Palm Beach Post, March 31, 2000.

Mencimer, Stephanie. “Weather ’tis Nobler in The Mind.” Washington Monthly, July 1, 2001.

“Nader Supporters Fill Madison Square Garden,” Associated Press, New York Times, Oct. 14, 2000.

Navarro, Mireya. “Alliance of G.O.P. and Cuban-Americans Shows Rift,” New York Times, Oct. 22, 1996.

Nickens, Tim. “Yearlong Bush lead gone; state up for grabs.” St. Petersburg Times, Oct. 8, 2000.

Norman, Bob. “Donato’s Closet,” Miami New Times, May 4, 2000.

Remnick, David. “Ozone Man,” New Yorker, April 16, 2006.

Schneider, William. “Elián González Defeated Al Gore,” Atlantic Monthly, May 1, 2001.

Seelye, Katherine. “Boy’s Case Could Sway Bush-Gore Contest,” New York Times, March 30, 2000.

Serrano, Richard A. and Clary, Mike. “Elian, Dad Runited After Raid,” Los Angeles Times, April 23, 2000.

Vise, David. “Moment at Gunpoint Yields Searing Image,” Washington Post, April 23, 2000.

Walsh, Joan. “Why is this race even close?” Salon.com, Nov. 6, 2000.

DOCUMENTARIES

Bikel, Ofra. Frontline: Saving Elian. Feb. 6, 2001.

Golden, Tim and McDonnell, Ross. Elian. CNN Films, 2017.

Ballman, Chris. “Homestead,” Living On Earth, PRI, Nov. 24, 2000.

SOURCES OF ARCHIVE AUDIO

NBC News

CNN

C-SPAN

British Pathé

CBS News

ABC News

Associated Press

WPLG News

OUTRO SONG

“Voice Your Choice” by the Radiants