Fiasco S3E7: “A Phony Issue” Bibliography

BOOKS

Ames, David, et al. African-American Population of Delaware: 1800 to 1980. University of Delaware, 1991. 

Batson, Ruth. The Black Educational Movement in Boston: A Sequence of Historical Events. Northeastern University, 2001.

Buell Jr., Emmett H. and Brisbin Jr., Richard A. School Desegregation and Defended Neighborhoods: The Boston Controversy. Lexington Books, 1982. 

Delmont, Matthew F. Why Busing Failed: Race, Media, and the National Resistance to School Desegregation. University of California Press, 2016. 

Driver, Justin. The Schoolhouse Gate: Public Education, the Supreme Court, and the Battle for the American Mind. Vintage Books, 2018. 

Formisano, Ronald P. Boston Against Busing: Race, Class and Ethnicity in the 1960s and 1970s. University of North Carolina Press, 2012. 

Gadsden, Brett. Between North and South: Delaware, Desegregation, and the Myth of American Sectionalism. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012. 

Kerner, Otto, et al. Report of The National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders, 1967. 

Link, William A. Righteous Warrior: Jesse Helms and the Rise of Modern Conservatism. St. Martin’s Press, 2008. 

Lukas, J. Anthony. Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families. Alfred A. Knopf, 1985. 

Niemeyer, Arielle, et al. The Courts, the Legislature, and Delaware’s Resegregation: A Report on School Segregation in Delaware, 1989-2010. The Civil Rights Project, 2014. 

Orfield, Gary. Must We Bus?: Segregated Schools and National Policy. Brookings Institution, 1978.

Sandbrook, Dominic. Mad As Hell: The Crisis of the 1970s and the Rise of the Populist Right. Anchor Books, 2012. 

Sokol, Jason. All Eyes Are Upon Us: Race And Politics from Boston to Brooklyn; The Conflicted Soul of the Northeast. Basic Books, 2014. 

ARTICLES

“Democrats Increase Congress Hold; GOP Wins Big-State Governorships,” Berkshire Eagle, Nov. 7, 1962. 

“Warm Applause Greets Brooke As He, Three Others Take Office,” Boston Globe, Jan. 17, 1963. 

“Brooke Fast Off the Mark,” Boston Globe, Dec. 31, 1965. 

“Bay State’s Color-Blind Candidate,” Life, Apr. 8, 1966. 

“Backlash Enters Bay State Race,” New York Times, Oct. 23, 1966.

“Nixon Out to Soothe Negroes,” The Free-Lance Star, Sep. 10, 1968. 

“College Presidents Will Be Radicals’ Target,” Pensacola News Journal, Sep. 28, 1969.  

“Biden, At 30, Hits Ultimate Goal,” The Morning News, Nov. 9, 1972. 

“Biden Stressed Age to Defeat Boggs, 63,” Philadelphia Enquirer, Nov. 9, 1972. 

“City Native Attains Constitutional Age for U.S. Senate,” The Tribune, Nov. 21, 1972.

“Mayor Maloney Fights Back,” The Philadelphia Enquirer, Jan. 1, 1974. 

“Busing Clash Wins Biden Few Friends,” The Morning News, Jul. 10, 1974. 

“Judges Order State to Submit 2 School Desegregation Plans,” The Morning News, Jul. 13, 1974. 

“How Much Was ‘Won’ in School Suit?” The Morning News, Jul. 15, 1974. 

“High Court Kills Cross-District Busing,” Detroit Free Press, Jul. 26, 1974. 

“NAACP to Push Plans, Despite Busing Ruling,” Latrobe Bulletin, Jul. 26, 1974. 

“Northern School Desegregation to Move Forward: NAACP,” Pittsburgh Courier, Aug. 3, 1974. 

“Boston Crossroads,” Boston Globe, Dec. 26, 1974. 

“Congressional Wrap-Up,” Delmarva News, Dec. 31, 1974. 

“40 Hurt, 10 Arrested at Beach Protest,” Boston Globe, Aug. 11, 1975.

“School Attendance 59%; Police Guard Heavy,” Boston Evening Globe, Sep. 8, 1975. 

“Antibusing Measure Approved in Senate,” New York Times, Sep. 18, 1975. 

“Antibusing Move Decried by Brooke,” Boston Globe, Sep. 19, 1975. 

“The Cure and the Ailment,” Boston Globe, Sep. 23, 1975. 

“Biden Calls Busing Bill a Bridge,” The Morning News, Sep. 28, 1975. 

“Both Sides of the Issue: Should School Busing Be Stopped?; ‘Busing is a Constitutional Tool that Should Be Used,’” U.S. News & World Report, Oct. 20, 1975.

“Both Sides of the Issue: Should School Busing Be Stopped?; ‘Busing is Harmful … I Would Eliminate Forced Busing,” U.S. News & World Report, Oct. 20, 1975. 

“Biden and Roth Votes on Busing Bills,” The Morning News, Mar. 12, 1978.

“Biden is a Born-Again Convert to Anti-Busing,” The Morning News, Mar. 12, 1978.

“Brooke Admits Swearing Falsely on $49,000 Loan,” Boston Globe, May 26, 1978. 

“Ed Brooke’s Sudden Fall,” Boston Globe, Nov. 8, 1978. 

“12 Years and Many Changes,” Boston Globe, Nov. 15, 1978. 

“Chronology of Events: ‘56-’88,” Sunday News Journal, Sep. 18, 1988. 

“Education: Boston Ready to Overhaul School Busing Policy,” New York Times, Dec. 28, 1988. 

“School Committee OK’s ‘Framework’ of Assignment Plan,” Boston Globe, Dec. 29, 1988. 

“Wormley’s Hotel Revisited: Richard Nixon’s Southern Strategy and the End of the Second Reconstruction,” The North Carolina Historical Review, Jan. 1994. 

“Justices Limit the Use of Race in School Plans for Integration,” New York Times, Jun. 29, 2007.

“Jesse Helms Dies at 86; Conservative Force in the Senate,” New York Times, Jul. 5, 2008. 

“Edward Brooke, First Black U.S. Senator Elected by Popular Vote, Dies,” Reuters, Jan. 3, 2015. 

“How A Young Joe Biden Turned Liberals Against Integration,” Politico, Aug. 4, 2015. 

“The Report on Race That Shook America,” The Atlantic, May 2018. 

“Effective But Never Popular, Court-Ordered Busing is a Relic Few Would Revive,” Washington Post, Jul. 7, 2019. 

“How Joe Biden Became the Democrats’ Anti-Busing Crusader,” New York Times, Jul. 15, 2019. 

“Back to School: How Diverse Are NYC’s Classrooms?” Citizens’ Committee for Children of New York, Sep. 6, 2019.

“Kids Today: Boston’s Declining Child Population and Its Effect on School Enrollment,” Boston Indicators and The Boston Foundation, Jan. 2020. 

“Schools Are Still Segregated, and Black Children Are Paying a Price,” Economic Policy Institute, Feb. 12, 2020. 

Fiasco S3E6: “Old Glory” Bibliography

BOOKS

Lukas, J. Anthony. Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families. Alfred A. Knopf, 1985. 

Masur, Louis P. The Soiling of Old Glory: The Story of a Photograph that Shocked America. Bloomsbury Press, 2009. 

Vrabel, Jim. A People’s History of the New Boston. University of Massachusetts Press, 2014.

ARTICLES

“Loan Fund for Minority Contractors,” Boston Globe, Feb. 23, 1971.

“Boston Preps for Party on its 200th Birthday,” Boston Globe, May 17, 1972.  

“Busing Protest Recreates Tea Party,” North Adams Transcript, Jul. 14, 1975. 

“1800 Attend No-Exclusion Patriots Ball,” Boston Globe, Apr. 19, 1975. 

“Plate Holds Military Memories,” Tampa Times, Mar. 5, 1976. 

“Black Man Beaten by Young Busing Protesters,” Boston Globe, Apr. 6, 1976. 

“FBI Enters Probe into Beating of Black,” Boston Globe, Apr. 7, 1976. 

“White Boston Man Beaten by Blacks; Police Arrest Two,” Boston Globe, Apr. 20, 1976. 

“Mayor to Lead Anti-Violence March,” Boston Globe, Apr. 22, 1976. 

“Terrific Blast … Crying, Confusion, Debris … Blood,” Boston Globe, Apr. 23, 1976. 

“Thousands in March for Peace,” Boston Globe, Apr. 24, 1976. 

“Indictments Charge Two in Attacks on Landsmark,” Boston Globe, Apr. 29, 1976. 

“Boston’s Dazzling Bicentennial 4th,” Boston Globe, Jul. 5, 1976. 

“Boston’s Largest Crowd Ever,” Boston Globe, Jul. 5, 1976. 

“Grand and Glorious Finale Draws 400,000,” Boston Globe, Jul. 5, 1976. 

OUTRO SONG

“Rose Garden” by Lynn Anderson

By arrangement of The Orchard

Fiasco S3E5: “Remedy” Bibliography

BOOKS

Batson, Ruth. The Black Educational Movement in Boston: A Sequence of Historical Events. Northeastern University, 2001.

Buell Jr., Emmett H. and Brisbin Jr., Richard A. School Desegregation and Defended Neighborhoods: The Boston Controversy. Lexington Books, 1982. 

Connelly, Michael. Rebound!: Basketball, Busing, Larry Bird, and the Rebirth of Boston. MVP Books, 2008. 

Formisano, Ronald P. Boston Against Busing: Race, Class and Ethnicity in the 1960s and 1970s. University of North Carolina Press, 2012. 

Kalodner, Howard I. and Fishman, James J. (ed.) Limits of Justice: The Courts’ Role in School Desegregation. Ballinger Publishing Company, 1978.

Lukas, J. Anthony. Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families. Alfred A. Knopf, 1985. 

Malloy, Ione. Southie Won’t Go: A Teacher’s Diary of the Desegregation of South Boston High School. University of Illinois Press, 1986. 

Masur, Louis P. The Soiling of Old Glory: The Story of a Photograph that Shocked America. Bloomsbury Press, 2009. 

ARTICLES

“Celtics Cut Rookies Flynn, Werkman,” Portsmouth Herald, Oct. 8, 1964.

“Evelyn Wagler Took An Emergency Walk Through a Black Neighborhood … And Died,” Lowell Sun, Oct. 4, 1973. 

“Six Youths Burn Woman To Death,” New York Times, Oct. 4, 1973. 

“Incumbents All Win in Hub’s Lightest Turnout,” Boston Globe, Nov. 7, 1973. 

“Balance Plan Calls for Chaperons on Buses,” Boston Globe, May 15, 1974. 

“A Clear Message From the Judge,” Boston Globe, Jun. 22, 1974. 

“Gerald Ford Is Sworn In As President Following the Resignation of Nixon,” Aug. 9, 1974. 

“Busing to Split Up Athletic Teams,” Boston Globe, Sep. 1, 1974. 

“Kennedy Jeered By Hub Busing Foes,” Boston Globe, Sep. 9, 1974. 

“Building 13’s Job: Get Pupils, Buses, Teachers in Right Place Sept. 12,” Boston Globe, Aug. 13, 1974. 

“Boston Promises Clean Schools, Grounds,” Boston Globe, Sep. 11, 1974. 

“Atkins Advises Blacks to Shun South Boston,” Boston Globe, Sep. 13, 1974.

“Boston Schools Desegregated, Opening Day Generally Peaceful,” Boston Globe, Sep. 13, 1974. 

“Busing Foes Not Sure What’s Next,” Boston Globe, Sep. 13, 1974. 

“Kids … the Real Heroes,” Boston Globe, Sep. 13, 1974. 

“Some Incidents, Widest Boycott in South Boston,” Boston Globe, Sep. 13, 1974. 

“The Walked With Dignity Into the School,” Boston Globe, Sep. 13, 1974. 

“Boston Schools Mostly Calm For Second Day,” Boston Globe, Sep. 14, 1974. 

“Second Day of Busing in Boston: Incidents Continue,” Rutland Daily Herald, Sep. 14, 1974. 

“‘Declaration of Clarification:’ Statement by Hicks, Bulger and Flaherty,” Boston Globe, Sep. 16, 1974.  

“Boston Mayor Criticizes Ford’s Busing Statement,” Redlands Daily Facts, Oct. 10, 1974. 

“Election Over, Boston School Attendance at 76%,” Boston Globe, Nov. 7, 1974. 

“Boston, Southern Students Announce Proposals to Ease School Desegregation,” Boston Globe, Nov. 16, 1974. 

“Roxbury Students ‘Rap’ in Fitchburg,” Boston Globe, Nov. 24, 1974.

“8 So. Boston District Schools Shut After Stabbing, Crowd-Police Clash,” Boston Globe, Dec. 12, 1974. 

“Black Parents Ask Garrity for Recall of National Guard,” Boston Globe, Dec. 12, 1974. 

“Moves That Were Made During the School Crisis,” Boston Globe, Dec. 12, 1974. 

“Peaceful Antibusing Marchers ‘Show Them How Southie Is,’” Boston Globe, Dec. 16, 1974. 

“School Reopening Slated in Boston,” New York Times, Jan. 5, 1975. 

“Masters’ Plan for Desegregating Boston Schools Raises Legal Questions,” Boston Globe, Mar. 25, 1975. 

“NAACP Appeal Seen If Garrity Accepts Masters’ School Plan,” Boston Globe, Apr. 2, 1975. 

“Garrity Likes Most of Masters’ Plan,” Boston Globe, Apr. 10, 1975. 

“Garrity Issues Phase 2 School Order,” Boston Globe, May 11, 1975. 

“U.S. Judge Orders Busing of 21,000 in Boston Schools,” New York Times, May 11, 1975. 

“School Out, Tension Remains As Boston Looks To Next Fall,” Arizona Daily Star, Jun. 22, 1975. 

“Mayor White’s Margin in Boston 4.8%; City Vote Led by a School Board Liberal,” New York Times, Nov. 6, 1975. 

“About Boston: A Year Later, Popular Mayor Faces Challenges,” New York Times, Jan. 9, 1985.

“Atkins, First Black Hub City Councilor, Dies at 69,” Bay State Banner, Jul. 3, 2008. 

“Boston’s Black Population Took Long Path to Roxbury,” Bay State Banner, Jun. 14, 2019. 

Fiasco S3E4: “All Deliberate Speed” Bibliography

BOOKS

Driver, Justin. The Schoolhouse Gate: Public Education, the Supreme Court, and the Battle for the American Mind. Vintage Books, 2018. 

Formisano, Ronald P. Boston Against Busing: Race, Class and Ethnicity in the 1960s and 1970s. University of North Carolina Press, 2012. 

Garrity, Arthur W. The Boston School Decision: The text of Judge W. Arthur Garrity Jr.’s decision of June 21, 1974 in its entirety. Paperback Booksmith, 1974. 

Kalodner, Howard I. and Fishman, James J. (ed.) Limits of Justice: The Courts’ Role in School Desegregation. Ballinger Publishing Company, 1978.

Lukas, J. Anthony. Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families. Alfred A. Knopf, 1985. 

Orfield, Gary. Public School Desegregation in the United States, 1968-1980. Joint Center for Political Studies, 1983. 

Patterson, James T. Brown v. Board of Education: A Civil Rights Milestone and Its Troubled Legacy. Oxford University Press, 2001. 

ARTICLES

“Equal Education the Goal of This Academic Minister,” Boston Globe, Jan. 7, 1973. 

“Hub School Segregation Issue as Black Parents’ Suit Opens,” Boston Evening Globe, Feb. 5, 1973. 

“Boston Integration Plea,” Christian Science Monitor, Mar. 13, 1974.

“School Integration Resisted in Cities of North,” New York Times, May 13, 1974. 

“A Clear Message From the Judge,” Boston Globe, Jun. 22, 1974. 

“US Judge Orders Hub Busing Enforced,” Boston Globe, Jun. 22, 1974. 

“No One Expected Kennedy At Rally—Including Himself,” Boston Globe, Sep. 10, 1974.

“Sen. Kennedy Jeered From Stage At Rally,” Boston Globe, Sep. 10, 1974. 
“It Was Never About Busing,” New York Times, Jul. 12, 2019.

Fiasco S3E3: “Exodus” Bibliography

BOOKS

Batson, Ruth. The Black Educational Movement in Boston: A Sequence of Historical Events. Northeastern University, 2001.

Buell Jr., Emmett H. and Brisbin Jr., Richard A. School Desegregation and Defended Neighborhoods: The Boston Controversy. Lexington Books, 1982. 

Delmont, Matthew F. Why Busing Failed: Race, Media, and the National Resistance to School Desegregation. University of California Press, 2016. 

Formisano, Ronald P. Boston Against Busing: Race, Class and Ethnicity in the 1960s and 1970s. University of North Carolina Press, 2012. 

Frank, Barney. Frank. Picador, 2016. 

King, Mel. Chain of Change: Struggles for Black Community Development. South End Press, 1981.

Lukas, J. Anthony. Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families. Alfred A. Knopf, 1985. 

Moore, Leonard N. The Defeat of Black Power: Civil Rights and the National Black Political Convention of 1972. LSU Press, 2018. 

Risen, Clay. A Nation on Fire: America in the Wake of the King Assassination. Wiley, 2009. 

ARTICLES

“A Mile of Marchers,” Boston Globe, Apr. 24, 1965. 

“Atkins, Saltonstall Win As Precedents Topple,” Boston Globe, Nov. 8, 1967. 

“15,000 March in Sorrow Here,” Boston Globe, Apr. 5, 1968. 

“The Minister of Peace is Slain,” Boston Globe, Apr. 5, 1968. 

“Afro-American Flag Raised,” Boston Globe, Apr. 9, 1968. 

“Black Police, Schools, Businesses, Demanded at Rally,” Boston Globe, Apr. 9, 1968. 

“On Common, an Echo of April 1968,” Boston Globe, Apr. 9, 1968. 

“English High Okays African Dress,” Boston Globe, Sept. 20, 1968. 

“State Halts Boston, Springfield, N. Bedford School Aid to Enforce Racial Law,” Boston Globe, May 26, 1971. 

“Ten Buses Dynamited in Pontiac, Michigan,” Jacksonville Daily Journal, Sept. 1, 1971.

“Opening Day at Lee School,” Boston Evening Globe, Sept. 9, 1971. 

 “Lee is Close, But Yet So Far Away,” Boston Globe, Sept. 10, 1971.

“White Boycott Continues at Lee School,” Boston Globe, Sept. 10, 1971. 

“School Busing Ban Ties Up $26 Billion in Education Aid,” Chicago Tribune, Nov. 6, 1971. 

“Education: The Agony of Busing Moves North,” Time, Nov. 15, 1971.

“Black Political Groups Await Parley Opening,” Muncie Evening Press, March 10, 1972.

“Black Assembly Voted at Parley,” New York Times, Mar. 13, 1972. 

“Black History: Operation Exodus,” Bay State Banner, Sept. 8, 1977. 

“The Bay State Banner: The Paper and the Publisher,” Boston Globe, Nov. 22, 1981. 

“Kevin H. White, Mayor Who Led Boston in Busing Crisis, Dies at 82,” New York Times, Jan. 27, 2012. 

OUTRO SONG

“We Don’t Dig No Busing” by The Greer Brothers

By arrangement of The Orchard

Fiasco S3E2: “The Key to the City” Bibliography

BOOKS

Batson, Ruth. The Black Educational Movement in Boston: A Sequence of Historical Events. Northeastern University, 2001.

Buell Jr., Emmett H. and Brisbin Jr., Richard A. School Desegregation and Defended Neighborhoods: The Boston Controversy. Lexington Books, 1982. 

Delmont, Matthew F. Why Busing Failed: Race, Media, and the National Resistance to School Desegregation. University of California Press, 2016. 

Frank, Barney. Frank. Picador, 2016. 

Formisano, Ronald P. Boston Against Busing: Race, Class and Ethnicity in the 1960s and 1970s. University of North Carolina Press, 2012. 

Geismer, Lily. Don’t Blame Us: Suburban Liberals and the Transformation of the Democratic Party. Princeton University Press, 2015. 

Gibson, Campbell and Jung, Kay. Historical Census Statistics On Population Totals By Race, 1970 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For Large Cities And Other Urban Places In The United States. U.S. Census Bureau, 2005. 

Lamis, Alexander P. The Two-Party South. Oxford University Press, 1984.

Levy, Frank. Northern Schools and Civil Rights: The Racial Imbalance Act of Massachusetts. Markham Publishing Company, 1971. 

Lukas, J. Anthony. Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families. Alfred A. Knopf, 1985. 

McLaughlin, Malcolm. The Long, Hot Summer of 1967: Urban Rebellion in America. Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. 

O’Connor, Thomas H. The Boston Irish: A Political History. Back Bay Books, 1995. 

O’Connor, Thomas H. Building A New Boston: Politics and Urban Renewal, 1950-1970. Northeastern University Press, 1993. 

Sirman, Brian M. Concrete Changes: Architecture, Politics, and the Design of Boston City Hall. University of Massachusetts Press, 2018.  

ARTICLES

“Shouts of ‘Go Home’ Greets Boston Foe of Busing Students,” Bennington Banner, Jun. 17, 1966.

“Reagan Triumphs! Finch Also Wins,” Los Angeles Times, Nov. 9, 1966.

“Tongues Wag About Mrs. Hicks’ Party Tonight,” Boston Globe, May 1, 1967. 

“Mrs. Hicks: ‘Boston for Bostonians,’” Boston Globe, May 2, 1967.

“500 in Roxbury Melee; 45 Hurt, 30 Held, Shots Fired,” Boston Globe, Jun. 3, 1967.

“All’s Quiet at Grove Hall Welfare Office,” Boston Globe, Jun. 5, 1967. 

“Race Troubles: 109 U.S. Cities Faced Violence in 1967,” U.S. News, Aug. 14, 1967. (Republished 2017.)

“A Growing Issue?” Boston Globe, Sept. 13, 1967. 

“Mrs. Hicks Derides Collins,” Boston Globe, Sept. 15, 1967. 

“Boston Politics: 1967 Free-For-All,” Baltimore Evening Sun, Sept. 25, 1967. 

“Every Little Breeze,” Harvard Crimson, Sept. 27, 1967. 

“Louise Tops Ticket With 28.2% of Vote,” Boston Globe, Sept. 27, 1967. 

“Mrs. Hicks Collects the ‘Anti’ Votes,” Boston Globe, Sept. 27, 1967. 

“Mrs. Hicks Hailed as ‘Poor People’s Friend,’” Boston Globe, Sept. 27, 1967. 

“Mrs. Hicks, White Voted Places in Mayor run-off,” Harvard Crimson, Sept. 27, 1967. 

“Precinct by Precinct Vote for Mayor in Preliminary Election,” Sept. 27, 1967. 

“White Gains Key Backers For Runoff vs. Mrs. Hicks,” Boston Globe, Sept. 27, 1967. 

“Round One Was A Breeze for Louise,” Life, Oct. 13, 1967. 

“Will Boston’s Renewal Falter With Logue Gone?” Boston Globe, Oct. 15, 1967. 

“A Profile of Boston’s Election,” Boston Globe, Oct. 16, 1967. 

“White Urges No Imbalance Law for Grades 1-4,” Boston Globe, Oct. 16, 1967. 

“Negroes Split in Their Opposition to Mrs. Hicks,” Boston Globe, Oct. 20, 1967. 

“Boston: ‘I Am a Symbol of Resistance’—Hicks,” New York Times Magazine, Nov. 5, 1967. 

“The Get-Tough Grandma,” New York Daily News, Nov. 5, 1967.

“Backlash in Boston—and Across the U.S.,” Newsweek, Nov. 6, 1967. 

“Backlash Granny Fails in Boston Mayor Bid,” New York Daily News, Nov. 8, 1967. 

“The Balloting in Boston,” Minneapolis Star, Nov. 8, 1967.

“Toward a United Boston,” Boston Globe, Nov. 8, 1967. 

“Vote for Mayor By Precincts,” Boston Globe, Nov. 8, 1967.

“White Wins, Mrs. Hicks Offers Aid,” Boston Globe, Nov. 8, 1967. 

“‘Law-Order’ Helps Nixon,” Quad-City Times, Sept. 12, 1968.

“People: Louise Day Hicks—’When They Call Me a Racist, I Don’t Listen…’,” Ms., Jun. 1976.

“Robert Coles: Doctor of Crisis,” New York Times, March 26, 1978.

“Kevin H. White, Mayor of Boston During Busing Crisis, Dies at 82,” New York Times, Jan. 29, 2012.

“Exclusive: Lee Atwater’s Infamous 1981 Interview on the Southern Strategy,” The Nation, Nov. 13, 2012. 

DOCUMENTS

“Chapter 646, Racial Imbalance Law of 1965,” Massachusetts General Court, Aug. 1965

DOCUMENTARIES

“The Keys to the Kingdom,” Eyes on the Prize, PBS, 1990.

OUTRO SONG

“You Ain’t Seen Nothin’ Yet” by The Bobbettes

By arrangement of The Orchard

Fiasco S3E1: “Stay Out” Bibliography

BOOKS/JOURNAL ARTICLES

Batson, Ruth. The Black Educational Movement in Boston: A Sequence of Historical Events. Northeastern University, 2001.

Clark, Kenneth B. and Clark, Mamie P. Emotional Factors in Racial Identification and Preference in Negro Children. The Journal of Negro Education, 1950. 

Garvey, Barbara Garde. The Massachusetts Racial Imbalance Act: The Administration of Public Policy at the State and Local Levels. University of Massachusetts Amherst, 1972. 

Kiernan, Owen B.; et al. Because It Is Right—Educationally: Report of the Advisory Committee on Racial Imbalance and Education. Massachusetts State Board of Education, 1965. 

Kozol, Jonathan. Death at an Early Age. Plume, 1985. 

Lukas, J. Anthony. Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families. Alfred A. Knopf, 1985. 

O’Neill, Gerard. Rogues and Redeemers: When Politics Was King in Irish Boston. Crown, 2012.

Pedrick, Karin Williamson and Scham, Sandra Arnold. Inside Affirmative Action: The Executive Order That Transformed America’s Workforce. Routledge, 2018. 

Peters, Lyda S. “Reclaiming the Narrative: Black Community Activism and Boston School Desegregation History 1960-1975.” Boston College Electronic Thesis or Dissertation, 2017.

Smith, Robert C. John F. Kennedy, Barack Obama, and the Politics of Ethnic Incorporation and Avoidance. State University of New York Press, 2014.

Wolff, Jeremy. A Timeline of Boston Desegregation, 1961-1985: With Emphasis on 1964-1976. Union of Minority Neighborhoods, 2013. 

NEWSPAPER/MAGAZINE ARTICLES

“Segregation Wallace Theme,” Birmingham News, Jan. 14, 1963.

“Alabama Guard Federalized as Wallace Stands at Door,” Birmingham News, Jun. 11, 1963. 

“JFK Proclamation of ‘Cease and Desist,’” Birmingham News, Jun. 11, 1963. 

“Wallace Statement Brings Up Question of Constitutionality,” Birmingham News, Jun. 11, 1963. 

“Negroes Attend Classes at Bama,” Dothan Eagle, Jun. 12, 1963. 

“School Committee Leader Rips Plan,” Boston Globe, Jun. 13, 1963.

“School Boycott On Despite Plea,” Boston Globe, Jun. 14, 1963. 

“The Day JFK Set the Civil Rights Act in Motion,” New Yorker, Jun. 15, 1963. 

“Hub Boycott Truce Fails,” Boston Globe, Jun. 16, 1963. 

“Say Boycotts Needed to Arouse Hub,” Boston Globe, Jun. 16, 1963.

“8260 Stay Out—But All Calm,” Boston Globe, Jun. 19, 1963. 

“School Sit-Ins Sit All Night,” Boston Globe, Sept. 6, 1963. 

“Dr. King Appeals for Brotherhood,” Boston Globe, Apr. 23, 1965. 

“Public Schools: Boston’s Busing Battle,” Time, Sept. 24, 1965. 

“Jean McGuire: Working and Fighting to Save Our Children,” Essence, Feb. 1973.

“Growing Up With Privilege and Prejudice,” New York Times, Jun. 14, 1987.
“The History of School Transportation,” School Transportation News, Aug. 1, 2007.

DOCUMENTARIES

“The Keys to the Kingdom,” Eyes on the Prize, PBS, 1990.

OUTRO SONG

“Which Side Are You On” by The Freedom Singers

By arrangement of The Orchard