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Fiasco S3E2: “The Key to the City” Bibliography


Batson, Ruth. The Black Educational Movement in Boston: A Sequence of Historical Events. Northeastern University, 2001.

Buell Jr., Emmett H. and Brisbin Jr., Richard A. School Desegregation and Defended Neighborhoods: The Boston Controversy. Lexington Books, 1982. 

Delmont, Matthew F. Why Busing Failed: Race, Media, and the National Resistance to School Desegregation. University of California Press, 2016. 

Frank, Barney. Frank. Picador, 2016. 

Formisano, Ronald P. Boston Against Busing: Race, Class and Ethnicity in the 1960s and 1970s. University of North Carolina Press, 2012. 

Geismer, Lily. Don’t Blame Us: Suburban Liberals and the Transformation of the Democratic Party. Princeton University Press, 2015. 

Gibson, Campbell and Jung, Kay. Historical Census Statistics On Population Totals By Race, 1970 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For Large Cities And Other Urban Places In The United States. U.S. Census Bureau, 2005. 

Lamis, Alexander P. The Two-Party South. Oxford University Press, 1984.

Levy, Frank. Northern Schools and Civil Rights: The Racial Imbalance Act of Massachusetts. Markham Publishing Company, 1971. 

Lukas, J. Anthony. Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families. Alfred A. Knopf, 1985. 

McLaughlin, Malcolm. The Long, Hot Summer of 1967: Urban Rebellion in America. Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. 

O’Connor, Thomas H. The Boston Irish: A Political History. Back Bay Books, 1995. 

O’Connor, Thomas H. Building A New Boston: Politics and Urban Renewal, 1950-1970. Northeastern University Press, 1993. 

Sirman, Brian M. Concrete Changes: Architecture, Politics, and the Design of Boston City Hall. University of Massachusetts Press, 2018.  


“Shouts of ‘Go Home’ Greets Boston Foe of Busing Students,” Bennington Banner, Jun. 17, 1966.

“Reagan Triumphs! Finch Also Wins,” Los Angeles Times, Nov. 9, 1966.

“Tongues Wag About Mrs. Hicks’ Party Tonight,” Boston Globe, May 1, 1967. 

“Mrs. Hicks: ‘Boston for Bostonians,’” Boston Globe, May 2, 1967.

“500 in Roxbury Melee; 45 Hurt, 30 Held, Shots Fired,” Boston Globe, Jun. 3, 1967.

“All’s Quiet at Grove Hall Welfare Office,” Boston Globe, Jun. 5, 1967. 

“Race Troubles: 109 U.S. Cities Faced Violence in 1967,” U.S. News, Aug. 14, 1967. (Republished 2017.)

“A Growing Issue?” Boston Globe, Sept. 13, 1967. 

“Mrs. Hicks Derides Collins,” Boston Globe, Sept. 15, 1967. 

“Boston Politics: 1967 Free-For-All,” Baltimore Evening Sun, Sept. 25, 1967. 

“Every Little Breeze,” Harvard Crimson, Sept. 27, 1967. 

“Louise Tops Ticket With 28.2% of Vote,” Boston Globe, Sept. 27, 1967. 

“Mrs. Hicks Collects the ‘Anti’ Votes,” Boston Globe, Sept. 27, 1967. 

“Mrs. Hicks Hailed as ‘Poor People’s Friend,’” Boston Globe, Sept. 27, 1967. 

“Mrs. Hicks, White Voted Places in Mayor run-off,” Harvard Crimson, Sept. 27, 1967. 

“Precinct by Precinct Vote for Mayor in Preliminary Election,” Sept. 27, 1967. 

“White Gains Key Backers For Runoff vs. Mrs. Hicks,” Boston Globe, Sept. 27, 1967. 

“Round One Was A Breeze for Louise,” Life, Oct. 13, 1967. 

“Will Boston’s Renewal Falter With Logue Gone?” Boston Globe, Oct. 15, 1967. 

“A Profile of Boston’s Election,” Boston Globe, Oct. 16, 1967. 

“White Urges No Imbalance Law for Grades 1-4,” Boston Globe, Oct. 16, 1967. 

“Negroes Split in Their Opposition to Mrs. Hicks,” Boston Globe, Oct. 20, 1967. 

“Boston: ‘I Am a Symbol of Resistance’—Hicks,” New York Times Magazine, Nov. 5, 1967. 

“The Get-Tough Grandma,” New York Daily News, Nov. 5, 1967.

“Backlash in Boston—and Across the U.S.,” Newsweek, Nov. 6, 1967. 

“Backlash Granny Fails in Boston Mayor Bid,” New York Daily News, Nov. 8, 1967. 

“The Balloting in Boston,” Minneapolis Star, Nov. 8, 1967.

“Toward a United Boston,” Boston Globe, Nov. 8, 1967. 

“Vote for Mayor By Precincts,” Boston Globe, Nov. 8, 1967.

“White Wins, Mrs. Hicks Offers Aid,” Boston Globe, Nov. 8, 1967. 

“‘Law-Order’ Helps Nixon,” Quad-City Times, Sept. 12, 1968.

“People: Louise Day Hicks—’When They Call Me a Racist, I Don’t Listen…’,” Ms., Jun. 1976.

“Robert Coles: Doctor of Crisis,” New York Times, March 26, 1978.

“Kevin H. White, Mayor of Boston During Busing Crisis, Dies at 82,” New York Times, Jan. 29, 2012.

“Exclusive: Lee Atwater’s Infamous 1981 Interview on the Southern Strategy,” The Nation, Nov. 13, 2012. 


“Chapter 646, Racial Imbalance Law of 1965,” Massachusetts General Court, Aug. 1965


“The Keys to the Kingdom,” Eyes on the Prize, PBS, 1990.


“You Ain’t Seen Nothin’ Yet” by The Bobbettes

By arrangement of The Orchard


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