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Fiasco S1E3: “Ballot With Butterfly Wings” Bibliography


36 Days: The Complete Chronicle of the 2000 Presidential Election Crisis. Ed. New York Times. Times Books, 2001.

Ceaser, James W. and Busch, Andrew E. The Perfect Tie: The True Story Of The 2000 Presidential Election, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2001.

Deadlock: The Inside Story of America’s Closest Election. Ed. Washington Post. PublicAffairs, 2001.

Kaplan, David A. The Accidental President. William Morrow, 2001.

Tapper, Jake. Down & Dirty: The Plot to Steal the Presidency. Little, Brown, 2001.

Toobin, Jeffrey. Too Close to Call: The Thirty-Six-Day Battle to Decide the 2000 Election. Random House, 2001.

Zelden, Charles. Bush v Gore: Exposing the Hidden Crisis in American Democracy, University Press of Kansas, 2010.


“Statement from Florida Secretary Katherine Harris,”, Nov 13, 2000. 

“Katherine Harris announces Bush’s 300-vote lead,” Palm Beach Post, Nov 15 2000.

“Prominent GOP strategist refuses to discuss his role in advising Harris,” Associated Press, Nov 25, 2000. 

Ash, Jim. “Spotlight on Florida’s secretary of state,” Pensacola News Journal, Nov 15, 2000.

Barabak, Mark Z. and Serrano, Richard A. “Florida Justices OK Hand Recount,” Los Angeles Times, Nov 17, 2000.

Barstow, David and Nagourney, Adam. “Gore’s Failure to Ask for Manual Statewide Recount May Have Been Critical Mistake,” New York Times, Dec 13, 2000.

Barstow, David and Sengupta, Somini. “Judge Who Rebuffed Gore Had Run-Ins With Justices,” New York Times, Dec 8, 2000.

Becker, Laura. “Election Supervisor Votes for Retirement” South Florida Sun Sentinel, Nov 4, 1996.

Bennett, George. “462,657 ballots set for hand recount: Huge job would need deadline extension,” Palm Beach Post, Nov 13, 2000.

Boehlert, Eric. “The disappearing ballots of Duval County,”, Nov 14, 2000.

Boettcher, Mike. “Florida Circuit Judge Terry Lewis, no stranger to conversational cases,”, Nov 14, 2000.

Bragg, Rick and Canedy, Dana. “Anger and Chagrin After an Oops on a Ballot, New York Times, Nov 10, 2000.

Bragg, Rick. “At Long Last, Army of Volunteers Gets Its Orders to Begin Recount,” New York Times, Nov 17, 2000. 

Clines, Franics X. “Buchanan’s Views on Hitler Create a Reform Party Stir,” New York Times, Sept 21, 1999.

Edsall, Thomas B. “Buchanan Bolts GOP for Reform Party,” Washington Post, Oct 26, 1999.

Ford, Bob. “Florida State Is Runaway Winner,” Philadelphia Inquirer, Nov 19, 2000. 

Gearan, Anne. “Lawsuit Rejected; Judge Refuses To Stop Hand Recount,” Associated Press, Nov 13, 2000. 

Givhan, Robin. “The Eyelashes Have It,” Washington Post, Nov 18, 2000.

Hahn, Brad and Santaniello, Neil. “Quirks Delay Ballot Tallying,” South Florida Sun Sentinel, Nov 29, 2000.

Kennedy, John. “Court’s Ruling Turns On ‘May’ vs. ‘Shall’; Justices Said Part Of Election Law That Says Returns ‘May Be Ignored’ Is More Recent, And That Voters Are Paramount,” Orlando Sentinel, Nov 22, 2000.

Knowlton, Brian and International Herald Tribune. “Gore’s Choice for His Running Mate: Moderate Senator Who Scorned Clinton,” New York Times, Aug 8, 2000.

Lomartire, Paul. “Bizzaro the norm in Vote-Count Village,” The Palm Beach Post, Nov 13, 2000. 

Margolick, David. “The Path to Florida,” Vanity Fair, Mar 19, 2014. 

Muravchik, Joshua. “Patrick J. Buchanan and the Jews,” Commentary Magazine, Jan 1991.

Newsweek Staff. “Is Pat Buchanan Anti-Semitic?” Newsweek, Dec 22, 1991.

Palm Beach Post Staff. “LePore: Life has been ‘hell’,” Palm Beach Post, Dec 21, 2000. 

Pells, Eddie. “Politics And Pigskin Mix As Florida Awaits The Big Winners,” Associated Press, Nov 16, 2000. 

Sanua, Marianne Rachel. “The Jews of South Florida (review).” American Jewish History, vol. 92 no. 3, 2004, pp. 364-367. 

Smith, Richard L. “A Statistical Assessment of Buchanan’s Vote in Palm Beach County.” Statistical Science, vol. 17, no. 4, 2002, pp. 441–457. 

Soltis, Andy. “‘Butterfly Ballot’ Designer Says Threats Made Life Hell,” New York Post, Dec 21, 2000.

Wheeler, Larry. “State GOP buoyed by judge’s ruling,” Pensacola News Journal, Nov 15, 2000. 


Rogers, Paul and Williams, Lester. “In View: 2000 Election Recount Palm Beach Documentary,” Channel 20, 2002.


2000 Florida Ballots Project
Florida Legislature: Online Sunshine
Florida Supreme Court


NBC News
CBS News
ABC News
Associated Press
Palm Beach County Channel 20


“Games People Play” by Bettye LaVette


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